Dates: 9 May to 11 May 2018
Theme: Shape Africa through transformation, technology and education.
Venue: Johannesburg, South Africa
Total number of attendees approximately 300 from around the globe
African countries present:
Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia,
Nigeria, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Background of the event
Africa over the past few decades, has enjoyed sustained periods of economic growth. This growth
however, had materialised in the pockets of major cities resulting in higher levels of inequality. As the
continent continues to be challenged by issues around technology, climate change and gender bias,
Global Shapers came up with an idea to better position themselves so as to ensure inclusive growth
and equal access to opportunity. The vision therefore of Shape Africa 2018 was to showcase how
youth across the continent can transform Africa’s inequalities through dialogue and innovation. The
event was held in different venues around Johannesburg in order to show diversity as well as to expose
the participants to the different worlds.
Fourth industrial revolution in Africa
Development is not the same for everyone. It is region specific, what we view as development in
Africa might not be the same as what is happening in China and other Asian countries. Development
is also not a one end go. There is need for basic education work so that no one is left behind.
Education and skills development helps in fixing the foundation. Curriculum have not changed since
colonialism, however before you scale it up there is need to review it. Make sure the content is going
to make it in this changing world.
We have artificial technology and curriculum needs to be relevant to the continent, that is, culture
specific. Content needs to be balanced with skills looking at the 4th industrial revolution. Content
must be secondary whilst skills are primary focus.
People are not partaking in mainstream economic sectors. As Global Shapers we should go and
teach people about being supplier skilfully rather than an employee, that is, let them know about
entrepreneurship. Local people must be developed so that they are able to identify opportunities
they have. The role of Global Shapers is also to change the mindset of the young people to become
innovative which becomes a life time skill, that is sustainable.
There is need for young people in Africa to partner together and complement each other. There is
also need to partner with already existing companies, firms etc. Add to what others are doing and
avoid starting from scratch as it is faster and more efficient.
At what point should technology be introduced You cannot just introduce technology to a person just like that, it takes time. The language used does not have to be scary and complicated. Use technology as a tool to solve problems. Introduce logical coding first by proposing problems to the children so that they are well equipped. Visual coding and thinking for older children. Development programmes in the workplaces and it must be problem and opportunity oriented. Discussion on the 4th industrial revolution impact on different elements of future of Africa in 15 years
Within the open and collected Africa, skills and goods are easily transferred from one
country to another and this will help decrease the immigration into Europe if we can share
human labour in Africa. This can be achieved only if after there is an open policy among all
the African countries.
Cape town hub- Technology gives youth a voice but the voice is highly ununified. Youths talk
a lot but are not getting into action because they lack a unified voice. A new term was
coined in order to deal with this challenge- techcentricity. Techcentricity is an inclusive
notion that the adoption of forth industrial revolution comes as an enabler for youth in
driving the agenda for change.
Washington DC- roles of youth in manufacturing and production. The ability to do business
on a large scale. In 15 years, African youth to have innovation and transferable skills where
applicability of technology in different settings. Democratized access in the economy where
anyone can do business. Mindset shift, where we look our problems as opportunities. More
DIY and hybrid youth identity where they are able to multitask to provide the
competitiveness that will be demanded by the future problems.
Believe in working together, through governance and leadership. Services will be improved
in the public sector through technology. Inclusive leadership through exposure. Forth
industrial revolution in 15 years might not be realised because of the infrastructural
problems we have today. However, there will be pockets of success which will be used to
inspire other countries to take up forth industrial revolution. Use the common thread or
common values to help in adopting technology and to bridge the digital divide gap.
Governments and citizenry must understand if you are banning there is need to support the
locals and find balance in foreign investment.
Being intentional about access to information through ensuring that the young are given
civic and political education before they turn 18 years. Encouraging more young people into
the policy room, not as minority but as people who are there to make policies. Ensuring
accountability using modern platforms and systems. Encourage more young people to own
assets and be economically empowered.
The legacy cannot be achieved today but it will be some time. Opportunities and resources
are maximised to advance communities authentically and inclusively. The forth industrial
revolution opening up for social entrepreneurs. Leadership and governance taking into
account the role of you as the only way to be progressive in Africa.
Gender equity panel (Lindiwe Mazibuko)
There is need for Africa to re-evaluate its culture and freely discard the sections that no longer serve
since culture is dynamic and evolving. She talked about domestic violence as a result of the local
cultures we are holding onto. Where women of high profiles who are highly educated and highly
functional who are the breadwinners of their families. As a result, however, of the existing structures
in patriarchal societies they pretend that the husband is a breadwinner in public. These are educated
women. This shows that domestic violence is not only prevalent among women with poor educational
backgrounds who are economically dependent to their husbands. It is also renounced among the
educated women. These women are powerful in community but go under emotional abuse and
psychological abuse. She advised all the women who were present to put themselves out there and
speak up. She talked against women whining and complaining, she said women should start acting now, be clear of what they want and where they want to go. In politics, she said there should be a clear representation of women and should show power, where women parliamentarians get the same treatment, voice and power as their male counterparts. She clamoured for equal access to power.
The Open Africa Initiative is a movement of African Global Shapers engaged in developing a robust
programme of action that can build on this new narrative of Africa rising to advance the
transformation and industrialization of the African continent.
Establishment of the Continental Free Trade Area by 2017. To significantly accelerate growth of Intra-
Africa trade and use trade more effectively as an engine of growth and sustainable development,
through doubling of intra-Africa trade by 2022, strengthen Africa’s common voice and policy space in
global trade negotiations and establish the financial institutions within agreed upon timeframes:
African Investment Bank and Pan African Stock Exchange (2016); the African Monetary Fund (2018);
and the African Central Bank (2028/34).The African Passport and free movement of people:
Transforming Africa’s laws, which remain generally restrictive on movement of people despite political
commitments to bring down borders with the view to promoting the issuance of visas by Member
States enhance free movement of all African citizens in all African countries by 2018.
Youth involvement in pushing for Agenda 2063- The Open Africa initiatives by Global Shapers across
Examples of projects under political and economic integration
Advocate for protocols leading to free movement of persons within the continent.
Advocate for the ratification/adoption of treaties and protocols related to the creation of
regional / continental Free Trade Areas, Customs Union, Common Market.
Advocate for the full implementation Boosting Intra African Trade (BIAT)
Projects to introduce measures to boost e-commerce and electronic transfers for trade
Educate and raise awareness of regional and continental integration.
Projects that enhances easy access to Women involved in cross border trade with the country.
Programmes which will promote intra –African Investments and brands.
Advocate for the policies that will lead to the granting of visas on arrival to Africans.
Advocate for the policies that will grant equal opportunities to all African citizens .
Programmes to manage the flow of cross border migration with attention to the concerns of
Women, Youth and vulnerable groups.
Examples of Projects under Pan Africanism
Projects that promote educational curricula to include values and ideals of Pan Africanism,
African cultural values and heritage.
Advocate for laws on dual citizens to the Diaspora.
Projects to reverse brain drain from the Diaspora.
Programmes to enhance AU Member states relationships with Asian, Caribbean, Latin
Promote African cultural and creative industries.
Discussions on the benefits and challenges of Open Africa have been led by Global Shapers
and done in the following cities so far:
Other topics discussed at Shape Africa include:
Peace keeping in Africa
Internet for All
Innovation and Entrepreneurship